Motto: Probing into Nature


Philosophy of BSc. Botany Programme

The main philosophy behind the BSc. Botany Programme  to contribute to meeting the general educational objectives of Ahmadu Bello University and the Nigerian Nation, which include the acquisition and spread of knowledge, and the promotion of research and education, (with emphasis on Botany as an important component of the Biological Sciences). The Programme  is designed not only to satisfy the intellectual demands of the students but also to facilitate their acquisition of basic and specialist science skills that instill qualities of self-confidence and self reliance, so that the products of the degree Programme  can play active and informed roles in personal, community, national and international development strategies.

Since a broad and interdisciplinary orientation can hardly go with extreme specialization, the Programme is designed to discourage over-specialization by allowing for sufficient choice of electives within and outside each Programme. The recommended electives for each Programme  have therefore been deliberately chosen to ensure relevance not only to academic content of each Programme , but also to endow the products of the Programme s with the knowledge that will enable them make valuable contributions to contemporary biological issues of national and international interest.

In pursuit of the specific objectives of producing these self reliant young biological scientists and contributing to scientific knowledge, the following are the specific academic objectives of the B.Sc. Botany degree Programme:

  • To educate academically sound upcoming plant biologists with high scholastic aptitudes especially  in the agro-allied areas of Plant ecology, Plant Physiology, Plant Breeding and Plant Pathology, aspects of Horticulture and Conservation of Plant Germplasm.
  • To contribute to discoveries and innovations in these aspects of the science of botany through research.
  • To provide expert counsel and consultancy services to national and international organizations on issues relating to the biology of plants.
  • To instill qualities of self-confidence and self reliance in crops of prospective young Nigerian botanists.

Some graduates of the department’s Botany Programme have gone ahead to enroll for postgraduate studies in specialized disciplines in agriculture and related fields such as Crop Protection, Agronomy and Plant Science.

Admission Requirements:
For admission into BSc. Botany Programme, a student must satisfy the minimum University/Faculty of Science requirements of a credit in Biology and credits in at least four other subjects including Chemistry, Physics, English and Mathematics at the GCE ‘O’ level or SSCE. Students that have successfully completed remedial Programme s that are approved by the University Senate and meet the GCE “O”-Level/SSCE requirements are also offered admission.

For direct entry admission into the 200 Level of study, a prospective candidate must satisfy the requirements stated above and in addition possess two or more G.C.E. A-Level papers (or its equivalent), which must include Biology and Chemistry.

Graduation Requirements:
A student in the department requires a minimum of 120 credit units to graduate in a 4 year degree Programme, and 90 credit units for those that come in at 200 Level of a study Programme. For a full time student, at least 12 credit units of core and elective courses must be registered for, during each semester. These credit units are earned from assessments of exams based on lectures, laboratory/project work, as well as field components of the Programme. Two field courses of one credit unit at the 300 level and two credit units at the 400 level of study to satisfy the requirements for professional field experiences are offered to the students as core requirements for graduation.

BSc. Botany Courses

100 Level   |   200 Level   |   300 Level   |   400 Level

S/N Course Code Course Title Credit Units Prerequisite Semester
1 BIOL111 Plant Biology 2 First Semester
2 BIOL112 Ecology 2 Second Semester
3 BIOL113 Animal Biology 2 First Semester
4 BIOL114 Introductory Evolution and Genetics 2 Second Semester
S/N Course Code Course Title Credit Units Prerequisite Semester
1 BIOL211 General Ecology 2 BIOL112 First Semester
2 BIOL213 Biological techniques 2 None, except 200 Level standing First Semester
3 BIOL215 Biological Nomenclature and Taxonomy 2 BIOL111, BIOL113 First Semester
4 BIOL218 Biostatistics 2 O-Level Maths & 200 Level standing Second Semester
5 BOTY221 Cryptogamic Botany 2 BIOL112 First Semester
6 ZOOL231 Invertebrata 2 BIOL113 First Semester
7 BIOL212 General Physiology 3 BIOL111, BIOL 113 Second Semester
8 BIOL214 General Genetics 2 BIOL114 Second Semester
9 BIOL216 Hydrobiology 2 BIOL211 Second Semester
10 BOTY222 Spermatophyta 3 BIOL111 Second Semester
11 ZOOL232 Vertebrata 2 BIOL113 Second Semester
S/N Course Code Course Title Credit Units Prerequisite Semester
1 BIOL311 Field Course I 1 None, except 300 Level standing First Semester
2 BIOL313 Biogeography and Soil Biology 2 BIOL211 and BIOL215 First Semester
3 BIOL315 Microbial and Molecular Biology 3 BIOL214 First Semester
4 BOTY321 Algae 2 BOTY221 First Semester
5 BOTY323 Mycology 2 BOTY221 First Semester
6 BOTY325 Plant Physiology I 2 BIOL212 First Semester
7 BOTY327 Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae 3 BOTY221 First Semester
8 BIOL300 Students’ Industrial Work Experience (SIWES) 6 300 Level standing Second Semester
S/N Course Code Course Title Credit Units Prerequisite Semester
1 BIOL411 Field Course II 2 BIOL311 First Semester
2 BIOL412 Principles of Plant and Animal Breeding 3 BIOL315 Second Semester
3 BIOL413 Population Biology and Evolution 3 BIOL211, BIOL214 First Semester
4 BIOL414 Conservation and Development of Natural Resources 2 BIOL311 Second Semester
5 BIOL415 Plant and Animal Cytogenetics 3 BIOL214, BIOL315 First Semester
6 BIOL416 Special Options: (Restricted Electives in Specialized Areas) 2 None, except 400 Level standing Second Semester
7 BIOL417 Nigerian Fauna and Flora 3 BIOL311, BIOL313 First Semester
8 BIOL418 General Practical Biology/Botany/Zoology 2 None, except 400 Level standing Second Semester
9 BOTY421 Plant Physiology II 2 BIOL212 First Semester
10 BOTY422 Plant Pathology 2 BOTY222 Second Semester
11 BOTY423 Economic Botany 3 BOTY222 First Semester
12 BOTY424 Angiospermae 3 BOTY222 Second Semester
13 BOTY425 Comparative Plant Anatomy 3 BOTY221, BOTY222 First Semester
14 BOTY426 Advanced Plant Physiology 3 BOTY421, BOTY327 Second Semester
15 BIOL400 Research orientation and Project 6 - Second Semester
Department of Botany, Faculty of Life Sciences
Ahmadu Bello University Zaria - Nigeria
HOD, Pofessor A. K. Adamu